Iceland has four national parks, in different areas of the country.
Skaftafell National Park is in the south-east of Iceland. It comprises a blend of black sand, glaciers, mountains, woodland and heathland, along with a couple of stunning waterfalls. A decision was taken recently to expand the boundaries of the park, which will make it the largest in Europe (although admittedly a considerable part of the extension is glacier).
Ůingvellir National Park is where the Icelandic parliament first met, more than 1000 years ago. It is geologically important as the Continental and American geological plates meet here, separated by a chasm that is an inherent part of the park itself. Ůingvellir is full of lava formations and heath vegetation, while Lake Ůingvallavatn is Icelandĺs largest natural lake and home to various species not found elsewhere. Ůingvellir is not far from ReykjavÝk.
SnŠfellsnes National Park is Icelandĺs newest park, established in 2001, and is situated on SnŠfellsness peninsula in the west of Iceland. It is on the coast, but SnŠfellsj÷kull glacier is part of the park. Grassland, ponds and lava are prominent, while seabirds abound.
J÷kulsßrglj˙fur National Park is in the north-east of Iceland. It was formed to protect the canyon of the J÷kulsß ß Fj÷llum river, and includes a number of waterfalls within its boundaries. Massive rocky outcrops can be found in the park, which provide shelter for a wide range of plant species.
Besides these, there are 12 other protected areas: Askja/Herubreialindir, B˙ahraun, Fjallabak, Gullfoss, Hornstrandir, Hveravellir, Kverkfj÷ll/Hvannalindir, LakagÝgar, Lˇns÷rŠfi, Mřvatn/Laxß, Ůjˇrsßrver and Vatnsfj÷rur.